Pathology is the study of disease. It is the bridge between science and medicine. It underpins every aspect of patient care, from diagnostic testing and treatment advice to using cutting-edge genetic technologies and preventing disease.
Paralysis can simply be defined as the loss of movement of muscles or muscle function in the body. It can occur when there is a disruption of communication between the brain and the muscles. The nervous system which processes and disseminates messages to and from all parts of the body controls the muscles which aid the movement of the body. Thus, in cases where the nerve cells controlling the muscles become damaged, the body loses the ability to voluntarily move the muscles. When such happens, the body is said to be paralysed.
Paralysis can either be complete or partial. It can occur anywhere in the body. Also, it can occur on one or both sides of the body. When it occurs on one side of the body, it’s termed “unilateral”, but when it occurs on both sides, it’s called “bilateral”.
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